top of page

Pedigree, Pearls, and Pooches High Society in San Francisco

Photo: Mary Kellogg Crittenden Hopkins. Credit: Isiah West Taber; Stanford Historical Photograph Collection, Stanford University.

Article part of a series I published on Mark Hopkins, California railroad magnate and his family

The society ladies listed in the early 20th century San Francisco Blue Books descended from potent New England stock. Mary Kellogg Crittenden Hopkins, wife of Timothy Nolan Hopkins, was one of them. Her pedigree earned her memberships into the Mayflower Society, Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), and Colonial Dames.

The press covered Mary’s social calendar and her charity work. Mary made no bones that her jewels were just as impressive as her pedigree. Her collection of rare stones included a $40,000 ruby ring. However, when it came to pearls her $100,000 strand matched even the ones of Mrs. John Jay Astor. A few of Mary’s pieces are at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

And you are never too young to earn your bling. When Mary’s daughter Lydia Kellogg Hopkins was christened in 1887, godmother Mrs. Leland (Janet) Stanford presented her with a necklace with the letters of her namesake “Lydia” set in diamonds.

It did not take long for the new society belle to assimilate into the San Francisco Peninsula smart set. Lydia became interested in show dogs, and her parents furnished her with the finest breeds money could buy. And yes, their diamond collars were real.

Photo: Lydia Hopkins with her Pekingese champion, Sherwood Su Wang, 16 May 1915. Credit: Timothy Hopkins Papers, Stanford University.

By the age of 16, Lydia had shown over 150 champion dogs. She earned a solid reputation in the dog world. She was the first American invited to the Plaza in New York to judge Pekingese.

In 1911 Lydia converted her childhood dollhouse (big enough for many a grownup) into a doghouse for her 18 poodles.

Seattle Daily Times (Seattle, Washington), 20 August 1911, page 24 GenalogyBank archives

Each poodle had its own bed fitted with fine linens and blankets. There was a parlor, dining room, and kitchen – all fully equipped with modern plumbing, bathtubs, and electricity.

According to this article:

“Miss Hopkins now boasts the best equipped kennels in the world. There is nothing in style and originality that compares with them.”

The society pages were turning up photos of pretty “bitches,” but not of the human variety. The purebreds that made the news were Lydia’s champs. Many graced the pages of Vanity Fair and Dog Fancy. One pug, “Dark Duchess,” was a celebrated beauty that came with a price tag of $4,000 in 1925. She was very English and required tea and biscuits at 3:00 on the dot every afternoon!

In 1951 Lydia published a book, The Complete Poodle, which was released with a posh party hosted by “Mouche,” the grande dame of the establishment Book, Inc. on Sutter Street in San Francisco.

San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco, California), 18 November 1951, page 53 GenealogyBank archives

Three hundred poodles attended the lavish cocktail party. Everything was first class, including the poodle’s masters: Mrs. Gerald Stanford, Mrs. Richard Duff, Mrs. Sanford Lowengart, Mrs. Charlotte Daiber, Mrs. Keneth Brown, Mrs. Albert Ames, and many other socialites.

The lady poodles arrived with sprinkled sequins and ballet skirts, and one of the boy poodles had a cowboy hat and shoulder holster complete with pistol.

The blue ribbons and bowwow treats were presented by Ernest, a butler in full livery. The poodles were provided a designated “fireplug,” with a sign “Messieurs” – however they ignored it, and a black Cadillac was their preferred place to do their business.

Lydia autographed her book for the guests, but there was also an option for a paw print. The book was a hit!

Lydia was the last surviving heir to the Hopkins railroad dynasty, but that did not stop the influx of Hopkins Hopefuls filing in the probate courts to contest the inheritance of her grandfather Mark Hopkins’ vast fortune. It is certain that these gold diggers caught news clips from the society pages. Stay tuned for more on that subject.


  • Mary Kellogg Crittenden (1862-1941), daughter of Hiram Crittenden (1814-1883) and Lydia Sherwood (1829-1877).

  • Mary married Timothy Nolan Hopkins (1859-1936), who was born to Irish immigrants Patrick Nolan (1829-1862) and Catherine Fallon (1834-1903) in Augusta, Maine. (Harold Clarke Durrell, “Memoirs of Deceased Members of the New England Historic Genealogical Society” NEHG Register April 1936.)

  • Timothy was adopted in 1878 by Mary Hopkins (1818-1891), widow of the railroad magnate Mark Hopkins (1813-1878).

  • Mary and Timothy had one child, daughter Lydia Kellogg Hopkins (1887-1965).

  • Timothy Hopkins was a member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society and produced genealogies. His wife Mary was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Mayflower Society, and the Colonial Dames. (p. 30, “Order of the descendants of colonial governors Prior to 1750: Roll of Members in State of California.”)

  • Mary Crittenden Hopkins was the granddaughter of William Sherwood and Lydia Ann Kellogg, his wife; great granddaughter of Ezra Kellogg and Mary Whiting, his wife; gr.-gr.-granddaughter of Gamaliel Whiting and Ann Gillett, his wife. (Great Barrington Member # 12477 “Lineage Book – National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Volume 13”)

11 views0 comments


Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
bottom of page